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Home>Vineyard>Grape Varieties>Red Grape Varieties

Red Grape Varieties

Red Grape Varieties

Duras

Duras

Origin: very old grape variety of the Gaillac wine-growing region, native to Tarn. It completely disappeared after the phylloxera crisis. Considered a mandatory grape variety according to the 1970 AOC Gaillac Red Wine regulation, this grape gradually started to grow again throughout the vineyards of Gaillac.
Characteristics: strong and fertile, it especially likes poor, sandy and limestone soil.
Tasting: deep red wine with fine tannins and spicy, peppery flavours.
Blending: blended with Braucol or Syrah, it is rarely used to make singe grape wine.

Braucol

Braucol (ou Fer Servadou)

Origin: originating from Spanish Basque Country and then redistributed by the pilgrims on the Way of Saint James.
Characteristics: traditional, hardy grape variety with occasional irregular fertility.
Tasting: original and distinctive flavours, such as blackcurrant and raspberry.
Blending: some winegrowers have started to use it to make single grape wine; however, it is most often blended with other red grape varieties from the Gaillac wine-growing region.

Syrah

Syrah

Origin: grape variety found in many countries worldwide. Originating from the northern part of the Rhône Valley region and even Isère, it just recently arrived in the Southwest.
Characteristics: strong but rather fragile, it is sensitive to the wind and dry weather.
Tasting: original and distinctive flavours, such as blackcurrant and raspberry.
Blending: deep in colour with a beautiful tannic structure, fruity character and hints of spice, liquorice and violet.

Gamay

Gamay

Origin: it is native to Dalmatia, although its name originates from a village in Burgundy, where it was the main grape grown up until the late 14th century. Today, it is found in many regions of France and around the world. Gaillac adopted it in the 1970s. It is the only grape variety used to make Gaillac Primeur, which was awarded several times in national competitions.
Characteristics: half-hardy and extremely productive, this grape variety ripens early and adapts itself easily.
Tasting: supple, fruity and gourmet wine.
Blending: used alone to make Gaillac Primeur.

Duras

Prunelart

Origin: native to the Southwest France and one of the oldest grape varieties of Gaillac. It is often confused with Malbec, which is actually one of its descendants. It was considered lost after the phylloxera crisis; however, in 2008, it once again took the stage and was reintegrated into the list of grape varieties mentioned in the AOC Gaillac specifications.
Characteristics: strong but not very productive.
Tasting: rich, structured wines with dark, fruity flavours.
Blending: today, it is used by certain winegrowers to make single grape wines, but most commonly blended with other red grape varieties.

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