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Home>Vineyard>Terroirs

Terroirs

In addition to exceptional climate conditions, the soil is also a remarkable and critical feature for the vines of Gaillac.
In the Southwest, Gaillac wine has by far the widest range of colour and taste thanks to the large variety of terroirs, such as Terrasses de la Rive Gauche (left bank), Coteaux de la Rive Droite (right bank), Plateau Cordais, Le Noyau de Cunac and Zone de Cabanès, which help characterise the vineyards.

 Rive Gauche  Rive Droite  Plateau Cordais  
 Noyau de Cunac  Zone de Cabanès  Zone de Lavaur 

Les Terrasses de la Rive Gauche (left bank)

Location: This terroir, at a low altitude, stretches over 30 km between the towns of Florentin and Couffouleux, in passing by Técou, Montans and Cadalen.
Soil: Series of alluvial terraces of the Tarn Valley. Subsoil with a rather low acidic pH, deep and well-drained thanks to the presence of several meters of sand, pebbles and gravel called bank gravel or boulbènes (fine siliceous soil that is easily compressed).
Wine: Exceptional terroir for red wine bringing out the taste and elegance of the Duras grape. Wine is powerful and robust with round tannins.
White wine, less crisp than wine from the right bank, is fine and subtle. Here, the Loin de l’Œil grape variety expresses its remarkable complexity and produces excellent Gaillac sweet “late harvest” wine.

Les Coteaux de la Rive Droite (right bank)

Location: Vast area, overlooking the entire Tarn Valley, stretches from Castelnau-de-Lévis to Rabastens, in passing by Labastide-de-Lévis, Gaillac and Lisle-sur-Tarn.
Soil: Rolling clay and limestone hillsides.
Wine: Dry, elegant and supple white wine with a long finish. Rich and fragrant sweet white wine. Refreshing, balanced, fruity, and spicy red wine. These terroirs bring out the best in the Mauzac and Braucol grape varieties.


Plateau Cordais

Location: Northern part of the wine-growing region where all different kinds of Gaillac wine are produced. This area, with an altitude of 200 to 300 metres, has the latest harvest, which occurs 10 to 15 days after the rest of the wine-growing region. In addition, with most of the vineyards facing west, grapes enjoy longer periods of sunlight.
Soil: Mainly limestone, shallow, with a strong active limestone content making delicate wines with a unique character.
Wine: This combination of climate and terroir produces distinguished and refined wine. White wine is rich in refreshing floral and fruity flavours. Red wine is exquisitely balanced. It is fragrant, edgy, pleasant, and suitable for ageing. Rosé wine is fragrant, light and fruity.

Le Noyau de Cunac 

Location: Located to the east of the episcopal city of Albi, this area is historically influenced by the production of red wine.
Soil: acidic shale resting on gravel-like clay.
Wine: Red wine essentially made from Gamay grapes providing mild tannins and strong fruity flavours. The presence of Duras grapes provides a refreshing taste, while Braucol grapes bring structure and strong character. This exceptional terroir is perfect for producing Gaillac Pimeur.

Zone de Cabanès

Location: Small wine-growing enclave near Graulhet, 20 km south of Gaillac.
Soil: deep with pebbles and gravel-like
Wines: This area makes PGI Côtes du Tarn white, rosé and red wine.

Zone de Lavaur

Localisation : Zone viticole proche de la ville de Lavaur située au sud-ouest de Gaillac.
Sols : Caillouteux profonds et gravettes
Vins : Vins blancs, rosés et rouges en IGP Côtes du Tarn.
Sud ouest, les vins a decouvrir

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